The Federal Government publishes the spending and revenue numbers every month. The charts and tables below give an in-depth review of the Federal Budget, showing where the money is coming from, where it is going, and the surplus or deficit.
This month saw a $22B deficit.
Figure: 1 Monthly Federal Budget
$22B may not seem like a lot, but January is historically a month with a surplus. That said, four of the last five years have seen January realize a deficit.
Figure: 2 Historical Deficit/Surplus for January
January is the only month other than April that has historically averaged a surplus.
Figure: 3 Current vs Historical
The two Sankey diagrams below show the distribution of spending and revenue for the month and the trailing twelve months.
Figure: 4 Monthly Federal Budget Sankey
Figure: 5 TTM Federal Budget Sankey
The next two charts show the monthly revenue and costs broken down by expense type.
Figure: 6 Monthly Receipts
Figure: 7 Monthly Outlays
Interest Expense has ballooned higher with the Fed’s push to raise rates.
Figure: 8 TTM Interest Expense
The table below goes deeper into the numbers of each category.
Figure: 9 US Budget Detail
Zooming out and looking over the history of the budget back to 1980 shows a complete picture. The change since Covid has been quite dramatic.
Figure: 10 Trailing 12 Months (TTM)
The next two charts zoom in on the recent periods to show the change when compared to pre-Covid. These charts show spending and revenue on a trailing 12-month basis period over period.
Figure: 11 Annual Federal Receipts
Figure: 12 Annual Federal Expenses
Data Source: Monthly Treasury Statement
Data Updated: Monthly on eighth business day
Last Updated: Period ending Jan 2024
US Debt interactive charts and graphs can always be found on the Exploring Finance dashboard: https://exploringfinance.shinyapps.io/USDebt/
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